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Constitution of India
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Constitution of India
On November 26, 1949, the constitution of India was passed by the Constituent Assembly of India. But, it came into effect on January 26, 1950. From that day, India celebrates the adoption of the constitution on January 26 each year as Republic Day. The Chief Architect of Indian Constitution was Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. He was the chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee. In the world, Constitution of Indian is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country. It consists of 395 articles in 22 parts, 14 schedules and 94 amendments, for a total of 117,369 words in the English language version. Besides the English version, there is an official Hindi translation. After coming into effect, the Constitution replaced the Government of India Act 1935 as the governing document of India. Being the supreme law of the country, every law enacted by the government must conform to the constitution.  
Constituent Assembly :
The Constitution of India was drafted by the Constituent Assembly. The elected members of the provincial assemblies formed the Constituent Assembly of India. In 9 December 1946, the members of the Constituent Assembly met for the first time. Dr. Sachidanand Sinha was the first president of the Indian Constituent Assembly. Some important figure of Constituent Assembly are Jawaharlal Nehru, C. Rajagopalachari, Rajendra Prasad,Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee and Nalini Ranjan Ghosh. This assembly consists of over 30 schedule class members and also included sections of Christians, Anglo-Indians and Minority Community. The Minority Community Chairman Mr. Harendra Coomar Mookerjee represented all Christians, Frank Anthony represented the Anglo-Indian community and the Parsis were represented by H. P. Modi and R. K. Sidhwa. Some of the prominent women of the Constituent Assembly were Sarojini Naidu, Hansa Mehta, Durgabai Deshmukh and Rajkumari Amrit Kaur. From Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, B N Rau and Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad to K M Munshi, Sardar Patel and Alladi Krishnaswami Aiyer, each one had a major contribution towards the present form of the Constituent Assembly.
The most significant part of the Constitution of India is Preamble. The main objectives of the Indian Constitution are:
To provide equal status and opportunity for all.
To provide a fair judgment in the fields of politics, society and economy.
To keep the integrity and strength of the country intact along with special stress on individual dignity.
Liberty : To assure every citizen of India the freedom of speech and expression, religious independence and choice of going by one's own belief. The presentation of Preamble in the Constitution of India is given below: "WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation; IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION."
Constituent Assembly | Preamble | Parts of Constitution | Schedule in Constitution | Fundamental Rights |
Fundamental Duties | Citizenship
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